I believe many people know that lymph is a very important immune system of the human body. It is located in every part of the human body. In addition to resisting foreign bacteria, viruses, etc., it is also responsible for cleaning up aging and useless cells.
Studies have shown that the incidence of lymphoma is gradually increasing and is getting younger.
The first symptom of lymphoma is painless swollen lymph nodes. So if you feel lumps in the neck, armpits, etc., does that mean it is lymphoma?
Not so. Many diseases can cause lymph node swelling. For example, pain when pressing is usually caused by fatigue or inflammation. Hyperplasia, nodules, gum infection, pharyngitis, and rhinitis may also cause lymph node swelling. So how should we judge?
If you find that the size of the lymph node is more than 1 cm in diameter, the hardness when pressing is close to that of the nose, and there is no pain, you need to go to a regular hospital for examination.
Reminder: Please don't panic if you feel a lump, but you can't ignore it either. Early medical treatment is the best policy.
Because lymphoma has a variety of clinical manifestations, blood biochemistry, pathological tissue examination, bone marrow smear, and other examinations can be used to understand the patient's systemic symptoms and further diagnose.
Since lymphoma is highly heterogeneous, the effects of treatment will vary. Lymphomas with different pathologies or stages have very different treatment options.
At present, the main method for treating lymphoma is combined chemotherapy, which kills lymphoma cells in the body through intravenous injection, oral administration, intramuscular injection, and other chemical drugs. Other treatments include radiation therapy, biologically targeted therapy, bone marrow transplantation, and surgery.
Strictly speaking, lymphoma cure means that all lymphoma cancer cells have been killed, but because the lymphatic system is spread throughout the body, it is very difficult to achieve this. Sometimes various examinations prove that the lymphoma has been cured, but the remaining lymphoma cancer cells hidden deeply will proliferate under a certain influence and cause the recurrence of lymphoma.
Therefore, after the lymphoma is found to be cured, doctors will also formulate a recovery plan based on each patient's situation and continue to observe it.
It is generally believed that the causes of lymphoma may be related to genetic mutations, viruses, pathogen infections, and occupational environmental factors.
First of all, lymphoma is common in the elderly, people around 50-60 years old, and there are more male patients. However, due to the high pressure of life and irregular daily life due to busy work, the incidence of lymphoma has also gradually increased. Younger.
Secondly, there are occupational environmental factors. For example, people who are engaged in radiation, rubber, decoration, carpentry, and other occupations are more likely to be exposed to viruses, drugs, radiation, etc. than ordinary people, which may increase the risk of developing lymphoma.
Also, related to eating and resting habits, people nowadays like to exercise and pursue high-protein diets to build muscle, but more and more evidence shows that high-fat and high-protein diets are also risk factors.
Finally, there are people with a family history of lymphoma and immunosuppressive diseases. Studies have pointed out that the onset of lymphoma is related to genetic factors, such as patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, hemolytic anemia, etc., all of whom are lymphoma. High-risk groups.