Generally speaking, for lymphoma, comprehensive therapy is often used. Simply put, it is a planned and reasonable combination of various existing treatment methods based on the specific conditions of the tumor, such as type, disease stage, patient organ function, etc. , thereby achieving better therapeutic effects.
Currently, common treatments for lymphoma include:1. Combined chemotherapy. Combination chemotherapy is an essential part of most lymphoma patients. Currently, common chemotherapy regimens for lymphoma include MOPP (nitrogen mustard, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone), ABVD (adriamycin) (e.g., bleomycin, vinblastine, azamide), CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), BACOP (bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide) , vincristine, prednisone), some need to be treated with high-dose methotrexate, cytarabine and podophyllin.
2. Radiotherapy: CO-60 or accelerator is commonly used, and the dose is 40-60Gy/4-6 weeks, depending on the condition.
3. Immunotherapy: After radiotherapy and chemotherapy, some patients need to be treated with interferon to improve the cure rate. Monoclonal antibodies also have good therapeutic effects on low-grade malignant lymphoma.
4. Bone marrow transplantation/peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: This is currently an option for patients with highly malignant lymphoma who have relapsed after partial treatment or have not recovered after treatment. That is, the patient's own bone marrow/or hematopoietic cells in the patient's own peripheral blood vessels are separated using an instrument, processed and preserved outside the body, and then ultra-large doses of anti-cancer drug chemotherapy or whole-body radiotherapy are performed, and then the preserved own bone marrow/ Peripheral blood hematopoietic cells can kill cancer cells to the maximum extent while protecting the hematopoietic function, which is more conducive to patient treatment.
5. Surgical treatment: The scope of resection is determined according to the patient's specific conditions. Since surgery is invasive and risky, it is necessary to combine radiotherapy, chemotherapy or traditional Chinese medicine treatment after surgery to consolidate the curative effect and reduce the chance of recurrence and metastasis.
What should I pay attention to after lymphoma treatment?1. After lymphoma patients are treated, regular review is absolutely indispensable, especially in the first two or three years after treatment. Under normal circumstances, review is usually done once every two months in the first year, and then 6-12 months later. A re-examination is conducted so that doctors can grasp changes in the condition in a timely manner and provide early diagnosis and treatment.
2. If you experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, mild hematuria, hand numbness, and facial pain during treatment, most of them are side effects of the drug. You should inform the doctor in time and take appropriate symptomatic measures, which will improve the condition.
3. Lymphoma patients should maintain a regular living habit after treatment, pay attention to the balance between work and rest, avoid overexertion, and maintain a positive and cheerful attitude towards life. In terms of diet, you should add more foods containing protein, vitamins, and relatively high calories, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables.
4. Lymphoma patients should try not to go to public places for activities after treatment to avoid infection. In addition, they should pay more attention to their physical condition. If they find swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, groin, etc., they must go to the hospital in time. See a doctor for treatment.