There are two major differences between lymphoma and benign lymphadenopathy1. Will not become smaller or disappearA typical case of benign lymphadenopathy is that if a person has a sore throat due to an upper respiratory tract infection, viral infection, or bacterial infection, he may have swollen lymph nodes near the neck.
The reason is that lymphocytes have gone inside, and as their number increases, they become swollen. When the disease gradually recovers, these lymph nodes will slowly shrink and recover.
But once lymphoma swells, it will not get smaller, it will only get bigger.
2. It won't hurt at firstPeople generally believe that pain is a warning sign. However, when lymphoma is still small in its early stages, that is, malignant lymphoma of 1 to 2 centimeters, it is usually painless.
Benign lymphadenopathy can cause pain. For example, if you have a sore throat and have several small lymph nodes on your neck, you will generally feel pain.
Therefore, if it is not painful, it may be a relatively bad symptom and deserves more attention.
But when lymphoma grows to a large size, pain is inevitable.
What are the symptoms of lymphoma?Lymphoma is a blood tumor. From the perspective of oncology, tumors are divided into liquid tumors and solid tumors. Solid tumors such as breast cancer and lung cancer; liquid tumors such as lymphoma, leukemia, multiple myeloma, etc.
There are almost 70 types of lymphoma. Because lymphoma can occur anywhere in the body, any symptoms may appear.
Generally speaking, the systemic symptoms of lymphoma are lack of energy and energy, wanting to sleep all day long, and being powerless even in bed. There are also more specific symptoms, which we call Syndrome B, including:
1. Weight loss;
2. Sweat a lot while sleeping at night, and even wet the sheets;
3. I have a fever every now and then.
These symptoms occur in some patients with lymphoma.
The symptoms of a specific type of lymphoma depend on where the tumor grows and which of the 70 types of lymphoma it is. From a treatment perspective, lymphoma is divided into low-malignancy lymphoma and high-malignancy lymphoma. Lymphoma.
For low-malignant lymphoma, the tumor grows very slowly and may not change much for two to three years or up to five years, and there are no particularly obvious symptoms.
Highly malignant lymphoma usually develops symptoms soon after it appears. If this lymphoma grows in the brain, the patient may be unable to speak, understand others, or eat (due to loss of swallowing function). ), and even epilepsy occurs. Some people think it is a stroke when they find out, but after examination they find it is lymphoma.
If lymphoma grows in the throat and directly affects the throat, the most prominent symptoms will be sore throat, inability to swallow, or inability to speak.
If it grows in other places, the simplest symptom is that some patients find that lumps suddenly appear in their armpits, necks, etc., and they get bigger and bigger.
Lymphoma can also grow anywhere, including the abdominal cavity, spine, liver, kidneys, etc. Depending on where it grows, local symptoms may appear.