Lymphoma is the most camouflaged cancer. Although it looks like ordinary fever, night sweats, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes, it disguises itself as lymphoma and spreads throughout the body. Most patients have reached the mid-to-late stage when diagnosed. Miss the golden treatment period. In recent years, the incidence rate of lymphoma has been increasing year by year and tends to be younger, especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma. What are the causes of lymphoma?
What are the risk factors for lymphoma?1. Reduced immunity
The occurrence of most cancers is closely related to poor immunity, and the same is true for lymphoma. For example, lack of exercise, long-term mental stress, excessive fatigue, long-term use of immune preparations due to disease, staying up late, long-term exposure to harmful substances and radiation, etc. Can cause immune system function disorders.
Staying in a highly polluted environment for a long time can cause gene mutations and induce lymphoma, such as voluntary smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke, decoration chemical dyes, and automobile exhaust. Therefore, you must quit smoking and stay away from second-hand and third-hand smoke. You can move into a newly renovated house with windows open for ventilation for at least half a year. Try to test the severity of air pollution before moving in.
3. Obesity and diet
The occurrence of lymphoma is also closely related to body obesity and poor eating habits. High-protein and high-fat diets can cause body obesity, and obesity can increase the risk of normal cells becoming cancerous. Therefore, you should keep your mouth shut, open your legs, and keep your body mass index within the normal range. Always pay attention to a light diet, maintain the regularity of three meals a day, and only eat 7 to 8 minutes of fullness in one meal.
The occurrence of lymphoma is also inseparable from infection, especially human immunodeficiency virus, Epstein-Barr virus and human herpes virus. The above viruses can infect lymphocytes, causing cell genes to mutate, thereby inducing lymphoma.
How to prevent lymphoma?1. Early treatment of various inflammations
Bacterial and viral infections are common factors that cause lymphoma, so various infectious diseases, such as colds and ulcers, as well as inflammation, should be actively treated. Learn to reduce stress, arrange work and rest appropriately, be relaxed and moderate, and participate in more physical exercises to enhance your physical fitness.
2. Avoid contact with harmful chemicals
There are many harmful chemicals in life, such as insecticides, pesticides and organic solvents, so stay away from them as much as possible; reduce the number of hair perms and hair dyes, and dye your hair no more than twice a year; give priority to environmentally friendly materials for room decoration, and new decoration methods Immediate check-in is not possible.
3. Exercise more and adjust your diet
Maintaining moderate exercise, such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling and swimming, can promote blood circulation throughout the body and enhance resistance. Stay away from high-fat foods, refuse to smoke and drink, and eat more fresh vegetables and fruits.
The early symptoms of lymphoma are not very obvious, but some patients will experience painless swelling of lymph nodes. If progressive painless lymphadenopathy occurs suddenly recently, it is sometimes accompanied by unexplained recurring fever, night sweats, and progressive weight loss. You should go to the hospital as soon as possible for a comprehensive examination to rule out the possibility of lymphoma. In addition, you should learn to self-examine lymph nodes. Normally, lymph nodes are less than 1.5 cm in diameter, soft and smooth in texture and can be pushed by hand, making them difficult to touch. Lymphoma should be highly suspected if the lymph nodes are swollen, harder, ulcerated, or have a fluctuating sensation when touched.