Main treatment methods for lymphoma The type of treatment a patient should receive depends on the type of lymphoma.
Hodgkin lymphoma: If the cancer cells have not spread, and there are no symptoms of sweating or weight loss, radiation therapy should be used; if the cancer cells have spread throughout the body, or the above symptoms appear, chemotherapy should be used. Part Patients receive a combination of both treatments.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: If it is a low-grade lymphoma, that is, the cancer cells grow slowly, the patient does not need treatment, or just take pills at home; if it is an invasive lymphoma, that is, the cancer cells grow quickly, treatment is required. Strong and intensive chemotherapy. Other desirable methods include peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, purine-like drugs, etc.
✦ Chemotherapy, referred to as "chemotherapy", refers to the intravenous injection in the arm or the oral administration of special anti-cancer drugs, which allow the drugs to flow throughout the body with the blood, especially the lymphatic system in the body, destroying and disrupting the growth of lymphoma cells.
Such as cancer If the cell growth rate is slow, you may be able to take oral medication at home, or stay in the hospital for a short period of time to facilitate intravenous injection; if the cancer cells grow rapidly, a combination of multiple drugs will be used, injected into the vein for several days, and then stopped for a few days. It takes several weeks to allow the body to recover from the side effects. This treatment is usually administered intravenously once a week, and the entire treatment may last three to four months. During this period, the patient must undergo regular check-ups.
Some patients may need to receive heavier doses of chemotherapy. After local or general anesthesia, the doctor will insert a plastic catheter into a vein in the patient's chest to control the infusion of drugs and avoid the pain of constant injections.
After chemotherapy, when the drugs fight cancer cells in the body, they will also temporarily reduce the number of normal cells in the blood, making the patient susceptible to infection and feeling tired, and may easily cause bruising and bleeding. In addition, the patient may also Problems such as nausea, oral pain, hair loss, and weight loss may occur; some drugs used to treat non-Hodgkin lymphoma may even cause infertility.
✦ Radiation therapy is commonly known as "electrotherapy". When lymphoma appears in one or two lymph nodes in the body, high-energy rays can be used to destroy cancer cells and prevent them from dividing. The doctor will draw marks on the patient's skin to indicate the need The area to be irradiated with radiation is determined to accurately determine the location. The patient must lie on a simulator and X-rays are taken of the area to be treated. The treatment usually takes five days and depends on the type and size of the lymphoma.
If a patient receives radiation therapy on the neck, he or she may feel pain in the mouth afterwards, or may have a taste disorder. In addition, the patient may also experience nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and may also find hair loss in the treated area. However, patients who receive Radiation therapy does not contain radiation in the patient's body and does not pose a risk to those around him.
✦ Purine-like drugs are a relatively new treatment method. They consist of a group of anti-metabolic chemical drugs that can prevent the formation of lymphoma cells and repair the DNA in the patient's body. Treatment can be done by intravenous injection or subcutaneous injection.
Like chemotherapy, patients who receive purine-like drugs may experience problems such as fatigue and nausea, and may also be more susceptible to infections, including herpes zoster.
✦ Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation If the above treatments are ineffective for lymphoma tumors, or the lymphoma relapses after treatment, you may need to receive this treatment. High-dose chemotherapy will destroy the bone marrow, but transplanting stem cells in blood vessels or bone marrow will It can help blood cells reach a normal number. Doctors can use the patient's own stem cells, or use stem cells from other people.
Follow-up Treatment Personal Care After receiving treatment, patients must undergo regular examinations, and the intensity of examinations will decrease over time. In daily life, patients must maintain a balanced diet, moderate exercise and rest, and must also pay attention to personal hygiene. At the same time, in order to prevent the body from getting damaged again Patients infected by bacteria or viruses should avoid going to crowded public places. If any abnormalities occur or any new symptoms are noticed, they should seek help from a doctor as soon as possible to check the probability of recurrence of lymphoma