You must ask, why do you get lymphoma?
The exact cause of lymphoma is not clear, but some risk factors related to the disease mainly include the following:
1. Chemical and environmental factors, such as chemical carcinogens, wood and wood products, industrial chemicals and herbicides, etc.).
2. Certain viral or bacterial infections, such as Epstein-Barr virus infection, increase the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, and NK/T lymphoma; Helicobacter pylori may increase the risk of gastric MALT lymphoma.
3. Genetic factors. There is a genetic susceptibility to the onset of lymphoma. People with a family history of lymphoma, leukemia, etc. have an increased risk of developing lymphoma.
4. Immune-related diseases, such as certain primary or secondary immunodeficiency diseases, increase the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma; the increase in the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is partly attributed to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) ) and the increase in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related lymphoma.
5. Ionizing radiation, previous history of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Given the above risk factors, some necessary preventive measures can be taken to reduce the risk of lymphoma as much as possible. Prevention suggestions that may be effective:
1. Pay attention to avoid contact/exposure to harmful chemicals in daily life and work.
2. Pay attention to preventing and treating certain viral or bacterial infections, and actively treat certain inflammatory diseases.
3. Avoid or reduce exposure to radiation and exposure to radioactive dust.
4. Maintain a good healthy lifestyle and habits, do not smoke, stay away from second-hand smoke, protect your immunity, eat a balanced diet, and exercise appropriately.
5. Timely treatment of autoimmune diseases, etc.
Although the importance of staging to the prognosis of lymphoma is not as critical as that of other solid tumors (for most solid tumors, such as lung cancer and liver cancer, the prognosis between early and late stages is huge, the difference between early and late stages of lymphoma is not that big. , the more important thing is the pathological type), but if it can be detected early, generally speaking, the prognosis in the early stage is better than that in the late stage under the same pathological type.
Lymphoma can occur in lymph nodes or outside lymph nodes. At present, there are no recommended screening methods that have been proven to be effective. The following content is for reference.
1. Screening objects: general population and high-risk groups (people with a history of radiation exposure or exposure to radioactive dust, patients with infections and chronic inflammation, patients with low immune function such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and people with a history of autoimmune diseases or organ transplantation).
2. Screening recommendations: The general population can have a clinical physical examination every 2 to 3 years; high-risk groups should have a clinical physical examination every year, including the doctor palpates the superficial lymph nodes liver, and spleen; superficial lymph nodes, liver, spleen and abdominal cavity Lymph node B-ultrasound and routine blood examination.
3. Reminder: If you find abnormal symptoms such as painless lymph node enlargement, alcohol pain (pain in the affected bones and lymph nodes after drinking alcohol), night sweats, fever, weight loss, skin itching, etc., seek medical attention promptly.
The diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma mainly involve oncology and hematology.