Lymphoma, the name may sound unfamiliar, but its dangers cannot be ignored.
Lymphoma is a malignant tumor that occurs in the lymphatic system. Due to its hidden symptoms, it is often discovered only when the condition is severe, thus posing a great threat to the patient's life and health.
Unfortunately, due to insufficient public awareness of lymphoma, many early symptoms are ignored, resulting in a delay in optimal treatment time.
1. Basic knowledge of lymphomaLymphoma, also known as lymphoma, is a malignant tumor originating from the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is an important system in the body. It covers lymphocytes, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, bone marrow and other tissues. These tissues together constitute the body's immune system and play an important role in resisting diseases.
1. Lymphoma is mainly divided into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The main difference between these two types of lymphoma is the morphology and biological behavior of the tumor cells.
2. Hodgkin lymphoma: This type of lymphoma has a distinctive feature, which is that a special type of cells can be seen under a microscope, called Reed-Sternberg cells. This type of cell is a large B lymphocyte. Its characteristic morphology is binucleate or multinucleate, with one or more obvious nucleoli in the nucleus.
3. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: This is a group that includes many different types of lymphoma, including B-cell lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma, and NK-cell lymphoma. The clinical manifestations, pathological types, and treatments of these lymphomas vary.
The pathogenesis of lymphoma is mainly due to abnormal lymphocytes, which cannot differentiate and die normally, resulting in excessive lymphocytes in the body and the formation of tumors. This process may be affected by a variety of factors including genetic factors, environmental factors, and viral infections.
3. Seven possible symptoms of lymphoma1. Swollen lymph nodes: This is the most common symptom, mainly appearing in the neck, armpits or groin. Enlarged lymph nodes are usually not painful.
2. Fatigue and weakness: This is a common symptom of many diseases, but if you feel tired for a long time and cannot be relieved by rest, you should seek medical treatment in time.
3. Weight loss: Weight loss without obvious reasons may be an early symptom of lymphoma.
4. High fever and night sweats: Patients with lymphoma may have repeated fevers, especially severe sweating at night.
5. Difficulty breathing or chest pain: If lymphoma occurs in the chest, it may compress the airway, causing difficulty breathing or chest pain.
6. Skin itching or skin rash: Some patients with lymphoma may experience skin itching or skin rash.
7. Persistent cough or sore throat: This may be a sign that lymphoma has invaded the respiratory tract.
4. Diagnosis and treatment of lymphomaDiagnosis and treatment of lymphoma require a series of medical evaluations and procedures. The following is a basic analysis of the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma from a medical perspective:
1. Medical history and physical examination: The doctor will ask about the patient's medical history, including symptoms, duration, family history, etc. The physical examination includes checking for swollen lymph nodes, skin abnormalities, enlarged spleen and liver, etc.
2. Blood tests: Blood tests can assess a patient's general health, looking at the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, as well as the function of the liver and kidneys.
3. Lymph node biopsy: This is a key step in diagnosing lymphoma. The doctor will remove a lymph node or part of a lymph node and check it under a microscope for cancer cells.
4. Imaging examinations: including CT, MRI and PET, etc., used to check whether lymphoma has spread to other parts of the body.
5. Bone marrow examination: If the doctor suspects that the lymphoma has spread to the bone marrow, a bone marrow aspiration or bone marrow biopsy may be performed.